The two main species of coffee grown for coffee production are Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora).
As the name suggests, Robusta beans are more robust than Arabica and can be grown at a low altitude. Robusta is characterised by a strong note, strong body and very little acidity. It is mainly grown in Vietnam, Brazil and Indonesia. Arabica grows at a higher altitude, usually above 800 m, and up to 2500 m.
Arabica is characterised by a fine aroma, less body, and pleasant acidity. Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, Central America, Mexico, India and Eastern Africa are among the best-known Arabica producing countries.
Arabica accounts for 75-80% of the world’s production vs. 20% for Robusta coffee.