Coffee tasting (also called coffee cupping) is done to determine the characteristics of a particular coffee blend. A coffee taster judges coffee based on appearance, aroma, body, and flavour by first smelling and then tasting the coffee. He or she will taste the coffee at various temperatures to discover all the complexities of the blend or bean.
As the legend goes, the first person to ever drink a cup of coffee was the 9th century goat herder Kaldi who noticed that his flock had more energy when consuming the red berries of a certain plant. He collected the berries and took them to a Muslim holy man who threw them into a fire. The roasting scent was so delicious that they quickly gathered up the beans, ground them, mixed them with water and drank them.